This section explains the importance of citations and why you need to use them in your essays. Please use the documentation below to improve your understanding of citations. The College has policies on plagiarism and your own department might provide advice on citations and bibliographies, so please check these as well.
Most Counselling and Psychotherapeutic Studies programmes at Goldsmiths use the Harvard style of referencing. This is a 'name and date' style where you use the author's name and date in parentheses in your in-text citation (Smith, 1989) and then provide a separate list of the sources cited alphabetically by author at the end of your work.
We recommend this book to help you:
Pears, R. & Shields, G. (2016) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 10th edn. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. We have this in print and online (available off-campus).
Note that the MA Counselling is the exception and uses the APA (American Psychological Association) style of referencing. This is a 'name and date' style where you use the author's name and date in parentheses in your in-text citation (Smith, 1989) and then provide a separate list of the sources cited alphabetically by author at the end of your work.
The most important thing to remember when referencing is to be consistent.
Copyright is an Intellectual Property Right along with Trade Marks, Patents and Designs. For detailed information, see the IPO's website. UK copyright law is mainly set out in the Copyright, Design and Patents Act (1988), though this has been substantially amended by more recent Acts and European Copyright Directives that aim to harmonise copyright across the EU.
Copyright gives economic and moral rights to the creators of works, and provides a legal framework for such works to be used fairly by others.
Copyright is infringed where a whole or ‘substantial part’ of a work has been used without permission and no exceptions to copyright apply. A ‘substantial part’ of a work is not defined in law and may be quite small.
Copyright for student work
Students at Goldsmiths own copyright in their own work. Some colleges and universities do make a claim to copyright in student work and ask students to agree to this when they enrol.
MA course work held by the library is non-published work under the CPDA 1988 and no copying is permitted. They are also not available for use by members of the public. MA theses held by the library include a cover sheet which states that no copies can be made and is usually signed by the author.
PhD theses are made available to both students and members of the public in both print and electronic format, held in the library and on the repositories, Goldsmiths Reasearch Online (GRO) and EThOS. For information on the use of copyright material in PhD theses and the copyright itself of a PhD thesis, see here.
Further advice on copyright
Advice can be requested from any organisations that represent copyright holders (many also collect royalties on behalf of members). For example, in the following areas:
|Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA)||Books, journal articles, etc.|
|Federation Against Copyright Theft (FACT)||Illegal recordings and use of film and broadcasts|
|Motion Picture Licensing Company (MPLC)||Public broadcasts of films|
|Performing Rights Society||Public performances of music|
|PPL/VPL||Playing or broadcasting music or music videos in public|